The alquitaras are actually the origin of the alembics. That element was introduced by the arabs to obtain essences. Nowadays we use them to distillate alcohols and plants.
The alquitaras are made of two parts:
- The cooking pot or boiler: This is the part of the alembic where we
put the element we want to distillate.
- The helmet: The superior part of the alembic from where the vapour from distillation comes out, vapour that will condense thanks to the deposit of water formed by the helmet itself. This helmet works as a cooling device.